(1) "A little lotus, leaning against a great chest, sharing ups and downs sharing ups and downs; living in the same home, holding each other to create side by side, watching each other in the same direction ..." On the 20th anniversary of the return The theme song "Liancheng Family" produced by 500 representatives from all walks of life in Macao sang the cherishment and love for this city and the pride and pride of the great motherland.
Singing through time. Twenty years ago, the phrase "Please call your child's milk name and call me" Macau "" has made many people cry. At 00:00 on December 20, 1999, in the magnificent "Volunteer Army March", the five-star red flag and the flag of the Macau Special Administrative Region were raised, and Macao, which had long been away, returned to the embrace of the motherland. This is the great cause of the motherland's reunification after the return of Hong Kong. Another historical monument in the process. With the dawn of the new millennium, Macau has ushered in a new era.
Looking down from the air, the Macao peninsula is like a lotus flower, stretching over thousands of hectares of blue waves. Over the past 20 years, the Minjiang River has been flowing, and lotus flowers have bloomed. Macau has grown through inheritance and developed through creation. From 1999 to 2019, Macau's rapid economic growth, continuous improvement of people's livelihood, social stability and harmony, "One Country, Two Systems" was successfully practiced here, and "The Flourishing Lotus" bloomed towards the world.
"In the 20 years since the return to the motherland, Macao's development has changed with each passing day, and compatriots in Macao have become better at work and life." President Xi Jinping spoke highly of Macau's "show to the world the successful practice of 'one country, two systems' with Macao characteristics." Hundreds of years of vicissitudes, 20 years of great changes. Macao's practice eloquently proves that "'one country, two systems' is fully feasible, feasible, and popular"!
(2) Once, Macau was a wanderer waiting to go home. Centuries of turbulent history and changing destiny have left a deep mark here. In a poem titled "Flowing Island", a Macau poet wrote sadly: "The flowing water and the island, countless panic eyes, depicting the tears of the waves", wrote that the fate of the wanderer was suspended from time to time. Uneasy.
Today, standing on the west side of the mountain overlooking Macau, I saw high-rise buildings and Changhong lying waves. At night, the lights are bright and bright. Time is a huge pen, recording yesterday that "like a chess piece fell off the edge of the chessboard", and also portrays today that "things change for the stars and happiness comes ashore".
20 years of spirit, the ever-changing story of the Minjiang River is exciting. The melancholy on the eve of the return was clouded by 4 consecutive years of negative economic growth in Macau, with less than 8 million inbound tourists in 1999 and an unemployment rate of 6.4%. In the past 20 years, Macau has returned to the motherland and has changed its trend. In 2018, Macau's GDP has increased from 51.9 billion patacas in 1999 to 444.7 billion patacas. Its GDP per capita ranks among the best in the world, with more than 35.8 million inbound tourists. . The "Global Economic Freedom Index" report released in 2019 shows that Macau ranks 34th among 180 economies worldwide and 9th among 43 economies in the Asia-Pacific region, becoming the world's most active microeconomy. Body one. The moderate diversification of the economy has begun to bear fruit. The gaming, tourism, convention, catering, hotel and retail industries are thriving. A vibrant Macau stands on the shores of the South China Sea with a new attitude.
After 20 years of cleansing, Macau's practice of good governance is gradually taking shape. The history of Macao was once written on the strange place names: Dr. Suaris Avenida, some Latitua Avenidas, the Governor ’s Bridge of Gallop ... In history, Portugal has appointed 127 Governors of Macau. Until 1997, there was only one Chinese people hold divisional positions in the Australian and Portuguese governments. Since the reunification, Macau has successfully conducted the election of the five chief executives and the election of the six sessions of the Legislative Council. By the end of 2018, more than 800 laws and administrative regulations have been formulated and revised. The executive and legislative organs cooperate and restrict each other and focus on coordination. The judicial organs exercise their functions independently. Today's Macau-led administrative system runs smoothly, and the ability and level of governance in accordance with the law have been significantly improved, which has opened up a good political situation.
Twenty years of harmonious and stable, stable and peaceful picture of people's livelihood constantly spread. Today's Macao is filled with an atmosphere of "small towns full of joy and joy," but who can think that before the return, it was a completely different scene? After the reunification, the SAR government, with the support of the central government, cracked down on crime, reducing homicides by 72% and arson cases by 40% in one year. The sense of gain, happiness, and security is not only for autonomous security improvement. In a summary of the livelihood work of "The Decade of Macau", an "Macao people's livelihood gift package" was introduced for an ordinary Macao family: 15 years of free education from kindergarten to high school, and a "real money" cash sharing plan. , Infants, children, elementary and middle school students, pregnant women are included in free medical treatment, youth entrepreneurs receive interest-free loans ... Homeowners have their own homes, sick people have their own medical care, the elderly have their own care, and the few have their own education. What residents need is a reality.
"Macau is an effective example of the" one country, two systems "system" "The world sees the prosperity and stability enjoyed by Macao residents under the protection of the Basic Law" ... These judgments from foreign observers confirm the great success of "one country, two systems" in Macau. The return of 20 years is the fastest and best period in the history of Macau. It has also experienced challenges and faced wind and rain, but with the motherland as its strong backing, Macau has survived the storm in the rising sun and crowned it in the difficult growth. Over 30 square kilometers of land has undergone the most splendid changes in hundreds of years. The wave-shaped "mirror" glows like never before.
(3) In 2012, Macau promoted 19 "walking Macau streets" routes, one of which is "Love in Macau Basic Law", which will include Golden Lotus Plaza, Macau Basic Law Memorial Hall, Macau Return Memorial Pavilion, Macau SAR Government Headquarters, Urban Services Department Building, etc. connected together. Walking here, people truly feel that Macao has maintained a long-term prosperity and stability on the track laid by "one country, two systems."
The great motherland has always been the strong backing of Macau, and the growing prosperity of the motherland has continuously injected new vitality into Macau's prosperity and development. Since 1962, except for the first day of the New Year, the Mainland has issued three express trains to Hong Kong and Macao daily to supply fresh frozen goods, which have been called "lifeline" by Hong Kong and Macao compatriots. After the reunification, the "lifeline" between Macau and the Mainland has become closer. From the "Mainland and Macao Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement" in 2003, to promote the facilitation of trade in goods, services, and trade and investment between the Mainland and Macao, to the 2008 Outline of the Reform and Development Plan of the Pearl River Delta Region (2008-2020) ) ", And included Macau in the national planning outline; from the signing of the" Mainland and Macao Closer Economic and Trade Arrangement "Service Trade Agreement in 2015, to the February 2019 issue of the" Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay " Outline of the District Development Plan ... From near to far, from shallow to deep, from point to surface, from temporary agreements to institutional arrangements, under the strong support of the central government and the mainland of the motherland, Macao has a solid foothold and broad prospects. "If the country is good, Macau is good." This phrase has become a buzzword in Macao society.
Over the past 20 years, the central government has consistently implemented the "one country, two systems", "Australian people governing Macao", and a high degree of autonomy. It has always maintained the long-term prosperity and stability of Macao as the starting point and end point for handling Macao-related affairs, and fully supports the Chief Executive and Special Administrative Region The government is governing according to law and fully supports the development of the economy, improvement of people's livelihood, and promotion of democracy in the Special Administrative Region. From the full exercise of political rights by residents in various elections, to the smooth operation of a political system characterized by administrative leadership, from maintaining fiscal and tax independence and implementing a separate monetary and financial system, to fully exercising legislative and independent judicial power, and final review With more than 676,000 Macao citizens actively participating in various affairs, Macau has gradually formed a political pattern of balanced participation of all classes and opened up a broad space for development. Facts have fully proved that the Macao compatriots who have mastered their own destiny are fully able to unite, strengthen themselves and build their own homeland under the guidance of the "one country, two systems", "Australians governing Macao" and a high degree of autonomy.
When summing up the experience of "one country, two systems", there is a vivid saying, called "keeping the capital and using profits": sticking to the foundation of "one country" and making good use of the benefits of "two systems". It can be said that without "one country, two systems", there would be no great change in Macau. President Xi Jinping pointed out that as long as the way is right, the policy is good, the figure is good, and the heart is the same, a big show can be sung on the table. "One country, two systems" is the foundation of Macao's prosperity and stability, the biggest advantage of Macao's development, and the key to Macao's future.
(4) On October 1, 1949, the news of the founding of the People's Republic of China reached Macau. Under pressure, Ms. Du Lan, the principal of Qijiang Middle School, erected a six-meter-high flagpole on the balcony of the second floor of the school building. Raise a homemade five-star red flag. Today, five-star red flags can be seen on the campuses of primary and secondary schools in Macau, telling the same feelings of family and patriotism.
"'One country' is the root, and deep roots can make Ye Mao; 'One country' is the root, and solid roots can flourish." The relationship between "one country" and "two systems" and the relationship between the central government and the Macao Special Administrative Region are the basic laws of Macau. The core content and the main thread throughout the article. In the 20 years since the return, the Macao Special Administrative Region has comprehensively and accurately understood and implemented the "one country, two systems" policy, correctly understood and properly handled the relationship between "one country" and "two systems," so that the power of the central government and the high degree of autonomy of the special administrative region are within the "one country, two systems" structure. Organically integrated and effective operation. One of the most important reasons for this is that the compatriots in Macao have always adhered to the core values of patriotism and love to Australia. They have a strong national and constitutional concept, and the national identity has a broad and deep social foundation in Macao society. On the day of returning to the motherland 20 years ago, more than 30,000 Macao compatriots spontaneously welcomed them at the crossing. How many people infiltrated their eyes and their hearts were full of emotions. He still remembered that a huge earthquake occurred in Wenchuan, Sichuan in 2008, and Macao compatriots donated a total of 6 billion patacas. The average per capita amounted to 10,000 patacas; still remembering that the typhoon "Tiange" struck head-on in 2017, the children of the people raised their shoulders to help rescue and disaster relief, and the citizens of Macao sent water and meals. The meaning of "mother" ... breathe together, share destiny and develop hand in hand with the motherland, which is the basis and support for the great success of "One Country, Two Systems" and the Basic Law in Macau. Practice has fully proved that only when a broad national identity is formed in the whole society can the Basic Law be fully and accurately implemented.
"If Macau is good, the motherland is good; if the motherland is good, Macau will be better." Maintaining national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and maintaining Macau's long-term prosperity and stability are the fundamental purposes of "one country, two systems" and the Macau Basic Law. The two are dialectically unified, which can take into account both at the same time and run side by side. They can also promote each other and complement each other. At no time should they be partial. As early as 2009, the Macao Special Administrative Region formulated the "National Security Law" and took the lead in fulfilling the constitutional responsibility stipulated in Article 23 of the Basic Law. In November 2016, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress explained Article 104 of the Hong Kong Basic Law. Later, the Macao Special Administrative Region took precautions, proactively revised the Legislative Council election system, and added "anti-independence" provisions; in 2018, it promulgated the administrative regulations of the "Macao Special Administrative Region Maintenance National Security Council" and established the Special Administrative Region Maintenance National Security Committee chaired by the Chief Executive; In January 2019, the revision of the local legislation "Usage and Protection of the National Flag, National Emblem and National Anthem" was successfully completed, and the dignity of national symbols and signs was effectively maintained ... As President Xi Jinping pointed out, Macau "is implementing the" One Country, Two Systems "policy and the Basic Law And set an example in maintaining national security and unification. " In the past 20 years, the Macao Special Administrative Region has become an important bridgehead for the country's two-way openness and international cultural exchanges with its advantages in a good business environment and a high degree of market development. It has made important contributions to the country's reform, opening up and modernization, and truly realized its relationship with the motherland. The Mainland promotes each other and develops together. Practice has fully proved that only by effectively safeguarding national sovereignty, security, and development interests can Macau's long-term prosperity and stability be maintained.
"What is flying on the bridge is hope." On October 24 last year, the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge across Lingding was officially opened to traffic. Many Macao citizens drive with excitement and pride to visit the world's longest sea-crossing bridge. This is a bridge of Yuanmeng, Tongxin, Confidence, and Fuxing. After the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region were incorporated into the national unified governance system and became an important part of the entire national governance system. To this end, the country ’s special chapters in the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” and “13th Five-Year Plan” explain major measures to support the development of Hong Kong and Macao. The report of the 19th National Congress of the Party also proposes to support the integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the overall situation of national development. Focusing on the construction of the Bay Area, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao cooperation, and Pan-Pearl River Delta regional cooperation, complementing and synergistic development with the Mainland, comprehensively promoting mutually beneficial cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macau, and formulating and improving policies and measures to facilitate the development of Hong Kong and Macau residents in the Mainland. The Macao Special Administrative Region fully recognizes the practical needs and strategic significance of integrating into the overall development of the country, attaches great importance to and comprehensively plans the position and role of Macao in the overall layout of national development, and gives full play to the advantages of the system of "one country, two systems" To transform the institutional advantages of "one country, two systems" into actual governance effectiveness. Practice has fully proved that only when the Macau Special Administrative Region is integrated into the national governance system and integrated into the overall development of the country can Macau move towards a new and better future.
(5) Driving from the Macau Peninsula to Taipa via Xiwan Bridge, different scenes appear on both sides of the road: to the east, luxury hotels are row by row; to the west, construction sites are in full swing. "The Macao compatriots will point to the west and proudly say," That's where Macau's future lies. "
This land of high hopes is the Hengqin New District in Zhuhai, which is separated by a river from Macau, and has an area three times that of Macau. From the establishment of the University of Macau to the registration of more than 2,000 Australian-funded enterprises, the seamless docking of rail transit between the two places at the port has completely opened the channel for cooperation between Hengqin and Macau. This has become a near-water platform for the diversified development of Macao's industry and plays a role of "one country, two systems". The active platform of innovation practice makes the concerns of the “development ceiling” disappear and the doubts of “ca n’t open up” disappear. After 20 years of rapid development, Macau has stood at a new historical starting point.
Lingding the ocean, a wider space opens here. Today, on the satellite map of the world's night scene, from Guangzhou to Shenzhen to Hong Kong and Macau, it is one of the most brightly lit areas. The picture scroll of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is unfolding and has become an important pole in the national regional development strategy. Macao plays an important role in this. Relying on the sea, the transportation of all nations, as an important node in the history of the Silk Road in Shanghai, Macao will certainly have a bright future in the construction of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road. Through the comprehensive development of culture, trade, investment, finance and other fields Song of Minjiang in the first new era.
On the coast of the South China Sea, even more rare opportunities appear here. In Macau, the Nezha Temple coexists with the Big Three Temple, the Mazu Temple and the casino. Tradition and modernity, liveliness and tranquility, interweave the colorfulness of Macau, and also shape the unique atmosphere of Macau. Since the reunification, "Historical District of Macau" has been included in the World Cultural Heritage List, and Macau has been rated as "City of Gastronomy in Creative Cities". In 2016, after the return of Macao for the first time, a medium- and long-term development plan was prepared to achieve a "seamless integration" with the national "13th Five-Year Plan". The construction of a world tourism and leisure center, a service platform for business cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking countries, and a multicultural coexistence base with Chinese culture as the mainstream ... For the future, the new era and new development of Macao have sounded.
In the 20 years since its return, Macau has shown the world the successful practice of "one country, two systems" with Macao characteristics. Some overseas media commented that "the" one country, two systems "policy implemented by the Chinese government has become a symbol of stability." The integration of Macao into the overall national development is the due meaning of "one country, two systems", and it is also an objective requirement for Macao to explore new directions for development, open up new space for development, and add new momentum for development in the new era. President Xi Jinping emphasized that in the process of reform and opening up of the country in the new era, Hong Kong and Macao still have special status and unique advantages and can still play an irreplaceable role.
"With faith, with heart, with confidence." In the TV series "Macao Family", which tells about the changes in the lives of ordinary people in Macao in the 20 years since the return, the store's famous Leong Kee Bakery's store training is thought-provoking. After the typhoon disaster, family accidents, and the SARS epidemic, the story of the old Macao store that finally ushered in the spring again with the support of the motherland is a true portrayal of the "confidence" of Macao compatriots. For Macau, "one country, two systems" is the biggest advantage, and national reform and opening up is the biggest stage. The implementation of national strategies such as the construction of the "Belt and Road" and the construction of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area is a major new opportunity. Adhere to the "one country, two systems" that will not change or waver, ensure that the practice of "one country, two systems" is not out of shape, will not change, and always move in the right direction, further implement the Basic Law of Macao, manage and develop the Macao Special Administrative Region, and promote "one country, two systems" in Macau. To achieve greater success, the Macao compatriots will surely achieve better development by integrating themselves into the overall situation of national development and jointly write the chapter of the era of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
(6) "It is the aspiration of the nation to achieve national reunification. It will not be reunified for one hundred years, but it will be reunified for one thousand years. How to solve this problem, I see only the implementation of 'one country, two systems'." On the occasion of the anniversary, when I revisited Comrade Deng Xiaoping's remarks, I felt more of Chinese Communists' historical responsibility, strategic mindset, and institutional self-confidence.
Throughout the ages, territorial return and national reunification have often been accompanied by soldiers and soldiers. However, within the framework of the "one country, two systems" system, China and Britain and China and Portugal have gone through multiple rounds of negotiations to sign the China-British Joint Declaration and the China-Portugal Joint Declaration. It opened a new era of prosperity and development for Hong Kong and Macau. As an important system for the Chinese Communist Party to lead the Chinese people to realize the peaceful reunification of the motherland, "One Country, Two Systems" condenses the wisdom of China, which is full of talents, is a great pioneering work of socialism with Chinese characteristics, and provides China with a solution to similar problems for the international community. A new idea and new plan is the new contribution of the Chinese nation to world peace and development.
"People who are close to each other are known as confidantes; those who care for each other are known as consciences." Since the return of Hong Kong and Macau to the motherland, the practice of "one country, two systems" has achieved universally recognized success. It shows the strong vitality of "one country, two systems" and fully proves that "one country, two systems" is the best institutional arrangement in accordance with the fundamental interests of the country and the nation and the overall and long-term interests of Hong Kong and Macau. It is for this reason that the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China identified "adhering to" one country, two systems "and promoting the unification of the motherland" as one of the basic strategies for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. "To maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macau and promote the peaceful reunification of the motherland" is summarized as one of the significant advantages of our national system and national governance system.
As a pioneering cause that has never existed before, and as a great innovation in the history of modern state governance, "one country, two systems" will inevitably encounter risks and challenges in practice. Within a unified country, the main body of the state implements the socialist system, and individual regions implement the capitalist system according to law. This has never been done in the past human political practice. Fully and accurately implement the "one country, two systems" policy, and constantly improve the "one country, two systems" system in practice, which not only conforms to the general law of the development of the political system, but will also constantly enrich the connotation of the era of "one country, two systems". No matter what kind of difficulties, risks, and challenges we encounter, it will not shake our confidence and determination to unswervingly take the road of success of "one country, two systems", nor will it prevent us from facing the difficult steps and moving forward.
Predecessors used extraordinary courage to explore and make breakthroughs, and later generations must practice and develop with firm conviction. In the 20 years since the return to China, the successful implementation of the "one country, two systems" with Macao characteristics has profound implications: we must firmly grasp the core essence of "one country, two systems", clearly defend our national sovereignty, security and development interests, and deal with the relationship between "one country" and "two systems" At that time, we must insist that "one country" is the premise and basis for implementing "two systems". "Two systems" are subordinate to and derived from "one country" and unified with "one country"; maintaining national sovereignty, security, and development interests is to maintain Hong Kong. The prerequisites and foundations of Macao's long-term prosperity and stability. Maintaining Hong Kong and Macao's long-term prosperity and stability can better serve the country's overall development and better safeguard the country's sovereignty, security, and development interests; implement the "one country, two systems" policy, adopt the Constitution and The Basic Law establishes the system of the Special Administrative Region. Its purpose is to realize the smooth return of Hong Kong and Macau to the motherland on the one hand, and to manage the two special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macao for the long-term after the return to serve the overall development of the country. At present, socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and the practice of "one country, two systems" has accumulated enough experience, possessed sufficient confidence, gathered enough strength, and possessed sufficient means to ensure the stability of the "one country, two systems" cause. .
Since modern times, China has experienced a tragic history of breaking the country for more than a hundred years, and the suffering of its compatriots. All Chinese children have a deep memory of this. Completing the reunification of the motherland, safeguarding national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and then realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, has deeply embedded the historical consciousness of the Chinese nation and has become a rock-solid common pursuit of all Chinese people. From this perspective, continuously enriching and developing the practice of "one country, two systems" is an important part of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, an inevitable requirement for advancing the modernization of the country's governance system and capacity, and the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. important parts of.
History and reality have proven that the Chinese are fully capable and wise to solve their own problems and jointly make greater contributions to world and regional peace, stability, development and prosperity. We are confident in the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and we are equally confident in the cause of "one country, two systems."
(7) 1999-2019, with a few flicks, 20 years passed.
Xishan Wangyang, Shuanghu Tower Film, Fulong's New Look, and Bridges… In March this year, the "Macao New Eight Scenic Spots", which was sponsored by the Macau Chinese Cultural Exchange Association, was released, replacing the "Macao's eight scenic spots" selected in the 1990s. Old Eight Scenery. " At the end of November, the Macau Post and Telecommunications Bureau issued eight "Macau New Eight Scenic" stamps, showing the new weather in Macau between square inches.
Xiaoyao Jing'ao has grown into a metropolis. For Macao, 20 years not only means the restart of time, from small to strong, writing changes in the vicissitudes of the sea, but also reflects the increasingly close connection with the motherland of the motherland, which has achieved the model of the successful practice of "one country, two systems".
"When remembering to return, Begonia met in the wind." When Macao returned, the Central People's Government presented a "prosperous lotus" to Macau. Since then, this large bronze-cast gold sculpture has stood still in Golden Lotus Plaza, witnessing every aspect of Macau's running forward. There are many buildings, flying bridges, and light rails ...... 20 years of running the Minjiang River, as evidenced by 20 years, the five-star red flag and the flag of the Macao Special Administrative Region have been flying high in Golden Lotus Plaza.
Today's Macau has shaken away the dust of history; ancient nations have also embarked on a new journey of revival. History cannot choose, it can be grasped now, and it can be created in the future. The road ahead cannot be smooth, but there is a strong guarantee of "one country, two systems" and the struggle of Chinese children. This "lotus of lotus" will usher in a better tomorrow. Compatriots of Macao will share the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with the great motherland Glory.
People's Daily (December 17, 2019, 01 edition)
Editor-in-chief: Wang Diantong