This is an ancient road rut in Sanyizhuang (photographed on June 9). Xinhua News Agency (Photo courtesy of Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology)
The reporter learned from the Shaanxi Provincial Archaeological Research Institute on the 16th that archaeologists found two rutting ancient roads in the middle and late Western Han Dynasty in the area of the Xinsi site in Xi'an, or they were closely related to the Western Han Dynasty Changmen Palace.
According to Chen Aidong, an assistant researcher at the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, the excavation took place in Sanyizhuang and Xie'er Villages, located in the northeast suburbs of Xi'an. The main body of the Sanyizhuang Ancient Trail remains in a northeast-southwest direction. About 30 meters road. The ruts on the road are densely distributed, and the rut travel direction is consistent with the direction of the old road, which is basically in the middle of the road. A small number of ruts continuously meander, and most of the ruts are intermittent or gradually disappear or overlap. In addition, suspected footprints and animal hoof prints were found near the ruts.
The remnants of the ancient road in Xie'ercun are also in the northeast-southwest direction, with a length of 260 meters and a width of 50 to 70 meters. After the road surface was cleared, about 60 ruts were seen. Some of the ruts were intertwined, and the wheel traces were clearly visible. The road surface is relatively flat and there is a noticeable tread. The ruts are 0.14 to 0.26 meters wide and 0 to 0.16 meters deep. Among them, two ruts may be found in a group with a wheelbase of 2.2 meters.
Chen Aidong said that the relics of the two ancient roads have the same direction and similar shapes, seemingly the same road. It is important to note that the ancient road in Xieer Village was broken by the Eastern Han tombs, which provided an important basis for determining the age of the road ruins. Therefore, its age is not later than the Eastern Han Dynasty, which is about the middle and late Western Han Dynasty. These two ancient roads are just at the north and south ends of the Xinsi site, and the Xinsi site is considered to be the Long Gate Palace of the Western Han Dynasty, so the road ruins are likely to be closely related to the Long Gate Palace.
The Nagato Palace was originally a private garden owned by Emperor Han Wen, the princess of the Han Dynasty, and the allusions such as the "Golden House Hidden Treasure" are well-known to her. Sima Xiangru once had the "Nagato Fu" handed down to the world, and the Nagato Palace was dedicated to the emperor Han Wudi as a sacrifice to Wendi. In addition, a section of wall foundation was found in Xie'er Village during this excavation. The compacted layer of the wall foundation is hard, the thickness is uniform, and the technology is fine, which may be the foundation of the south wall of the Changmen Palace. Chen Aidong said that finding such high density and well-preserved ruts in the middle and late Western Han Dynasty is very rare, which is of great value for studying the Changmen Palace site and the traffic and social development in the middle and late Western Han Dynasty. (Reporter Yang Yimiao)
Editor-in-chief: Wang Diantong