Original title: It's too early for AI to replace human warfare
Recently, Eric Schmidt, co-chair of the National Security Council, published an article seeking ways to meet the challenges of artificial intelligence, protect national security, and ensure that the United States leads the world in artificial intelligence, and proposed that the United States should conduct open source military research to Win the opinion of the artificial intelligence competition. In recent years, countries around the world have paid more and more attention to the research of artificial intelligence in the military field. This has caused people to ponder deeply. What is the prospect of the future combination of artificial intelligence and military? What changes can artificial intelligence bring to the military field?
The ninth Beijing Fragrant Hills Forum recently held a special seminar on "Artificial Intelligence and Future War". At the seminar, the experts answered the above questions in detail.
"Military activities have complex characteristics such as non-linearity, adaptability, emergence, and uncertainty. Artificial intelligence algorithms provide a good method for dealing with these complexities and become a powerful promoter of military innovation." Army Command Academy Professor Shen Shoulin Colonel first spoke.
In Shen Shoulin's view, "Although there are still many problems in the current artificial intelligence algorithm, which restricts its application in the military field. However, with the continuous improvement and integration of algorithms of different schools, artificial intelligence algorithms will continue to solve and respond to the battlefield. In the process of complexity, it is playing an increasingly important role in advancing military innovation. "
For example, artificial intelligence can promote the autonomy of military equipment. Artificial intelligence algorithms allow military equipment to perceive, reason, and make decisions like humans, and thus have autonomy and improve adaptability to complex battlefield environments. At the same time, it can promote high efficiency in command and decision-making. The first batch of algorithms of the "Maven Project" in the United States was deployed at the US African Command, effectively improving the efficiency of video and image processing of drones, and achieving the rapid discovery and identification of targets.
Zhu Qichao, director of the National Institute of Security and Military Strategy at the Institute of Frontier Interdisciplinary Studies of the National University of Defense Technology and a researcher at the National Defense Science and Technology Strategic Think Tank, also stated in an interview with reporters: Innovations in management and other fields have profoundly changed the appearance of future wars. For example, unmanned cluster operations, manned aircraft commanding unmanned wingmen to conduct military operations, the application of various intelligent information systems, and military training in a virtual environment, etc. Have all become reality from science fiction many years ago. "
"Therefore, the development and application of artificial intelligence and its far-reaching impact have received wide attention in recent years from the United Nations Conference on Arms Control and Disarmament, political leaders of various countries, military generals and experts in defense policy research think tanks." Zhu Qichao said.
At present, unmanned platforms have been established on a small scale for practical use. So what are the characteristics and trends of military innovation caused by the unmanned trend led by artificial intelligence?
Zhu Qichao pointed out that artificial intelligence-related technologies can be transformed into unmanned military platforms, intelligent information systems, smart wearable devices, and increasingly advanced infrastructures, so artificial intelligence is fully empowering the military field. The armed forces of major countries have formulated plans and roadmaps for the intelligent development of weapons and equipment, hoping to seize the opportunities brought by this wave of artificial intelligence. At the same time, artificial intelligence is also continuously reforming military education training models, which is expected to provide technical support for greatly improving combatants' information processing capabilities, learning capabilities, and auxiliary combat capabilities.
So, is artificial intelligence really “perfect”? Can artificial intelligence replace humans to execute combat instructions in future wars?
Faced with these problems, Liu Wei, director of the Human-Computer Interaction and Cognitive Engineering Laboratory of Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, put forward such a view: "The future of artificial intelligence and justice war should bear the mission of human peace. People are responsible for doing the right things, and can Guarantee fairness and justice, common destiny, security and controllability. Artificial intelligence must do things correctly, reflecting their fast accuracy, mass storage, and interpretability. "He pointed out that war is a fog and there is a lot of uncertainty. Sex is unknowable. Unknown here is unpredictable and unpredictable. Judging from the development trend of modern artificial intelligence, it is foreseeable that many hidden dangers of human-machine integration in future wars remain unsolved.
"If men are regarded as strength and women as wisdom, the future war should be a feminized war, at least a hybrid war. No matter how the development of artificial intelligence, the future belongs to human beings, and it should be jointly defined by human beings. The rules of the game determine the fate of artificial intelligence, not the fate of human beings. The reason is that artificial intelligence is logical, and future wars are not only logical, there are a lot of non-logical factors. "Liu Wei said.
Zhu Qichao finally stated how to actively innovate war and combat guidance theory based on the application of artificial intelligence, how to determine the center of gravity, attack nodes, and strength ratio of man-machine combined combat operations, how to clarify the responsibility of unmanned weapons, and avoid incidental casualties And so on, all require in-depth research. Generally speaking, the armed forces of all countries have a sense of crisis in which military theoretical innovation lags behind military practice.
Editor-in-chief: Wang Diantong