Original Title: Lushanyu Site Found in Shaanxi 4500 Years Ago
Rushanyu ruins. Profile picture
A few days ago, the reporter learned from the Yan'an Cultural Relics Research Institute of Shaanxi Province that a joint archaeological team composed of the Institute and the Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, the Northwest University Cultural Heritage College, and the Yan'an University History and Culture Institute has been conducting archaeological excavations in Yan'an for two years. Twelve houses, two stove sites, two sections of rammed earth wall, 23 ash pits, one hoe coffin tomb, and three ditches were found at the Lushanyu site in Baota District, Beijing, and a large number of pottery, stone, bone, Jade, etc. Experts said that the earliest fortification of Yan'an with clear documentation is about 2,200 years ago, and the Lushanyu site discovered by this archeology is about 4,500 years ago, which means that Yan'an's fortification history has been pushed forward by at least 2,300 years.
The Lushanyu site is located on the Liangtuo on the northwest side of Lushanyu Village, Liqu Town, Baota District, Yan'an City. It is adjacent to the two river ditches of Chentuangou and Xinyaogou, a tributary of the Yanhe River. The overall terrain is in the shape of a mountain with a distribution area of more than 2 million It is a large-scale prehistoric settlement site.
Judging from the shape characteristics of pottery such as amphora, single-handed 鬲, fold-belly 斝, and 圜 瓮 出 unearthed at the site, the cultural features of the middle and late period of the Lushan 峁 site are the same as those of the Hakka Zhuang culture in the Guanzhong area and the Qijia culture in the Longdong area There are similarities. They are similar in age and belong to the Longshan era, dating from 4500 to 4000 years ago. In 1992, the site was announced as a provincial cultural relics protection unit.
"In the 1980s, Lushan Chan collected 28 unearthed jade articles. In recent years, 16 jade artifacts have been unearthed in archeological excavations. A total of 44 jade articles have been found so far, including vessels such as 璧, 琮, 玑, 玑, 璜, 铲, 瑗, 环, 、, Axe, badger, badger, bracelet, knife, tiger, and accessories. "Zhang Hua, director of the Yan'an Cultural Relic Research Institute, told reporters that in addition to the jade pieces, excavations have been excavated in the walls of the house and in the walls of the city walls. Complete jadeware, these jadeware should be used for foundation sacrifice during the construction of the building. The volume of jade artifacts unearthed from the Lushanyu site is not large, but it is exquisite in shape, fine in production, and exquisite in workmanship, representing the level of jade artifacts in the late Longshan culture.
"Yingpanliang is the core area of the Lushanyu site. It sits north to south and opens the front and back doors. There are three large buildings at the back of the city, centered on the middle of the house, and the north-south middle line and the drainage channel outside the south city gate form a line. The central axis is a left-right symmetrical structure. The three large-scale houses are all super-large buildings in an orderly arrangement, which are obviously not the houses of ordinary residents. The building materials such as tube tiles and slabs found near the site are currently only found in Tao, Shanxi Province. High-level areas such as temple sites, palace areas, and various animal foundings found inside and outside the walls show that these large buildings have the nature of primitive palaces and have the prototype of the earliest palace city in China. "Said Du Linyuan, a professor at the School of History and Culture of Yan'an University. In history, the earliest fortification time of Yan'an with clear documentation is the Qin and Han dynasties, about 2200 years ago, and the earliest age of the Lushanyu site discovered by this archeology is about 4,500 years ago, which at least advances the history of Yan'an fortifications. After 2300 years, the history of Yan'an was rewritten.
It is reported that the Yan'an cultural relics department attaches great importance to the archeological excavation of the Lushanyu site and plans to declare the Lushanyu site as the eighth batch of national key cultural relics protection units and strive to declare the top ten archeological discoveries and national archaeological parks in the country. (Reporter: Zhang Zhehao and Tang Yueer)
Editor-in-chief: Wang Diantong